The Plant Pathology Journal 2002;18(3):130-137.
Published online June 30, 2002.
Variation of Potato virus Y Isolated from Potato, Tobacco, Pea and Weeds in Korea on the C-terminal Region of Coat Protein Gene and 3` Non-translated Region
W. S. Yun, H. W. Jung, M. H. Oh, Y. I. Hahm, K. H. Kim
Potato virus Y (PVY) is one of the most important viruses in many field crops in Korea. In this study, 31 PVY isolates were isolated from infected potato (Solanum tuberosum), tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum), pea (Pisum sativum), and weeds (Veronica persica, Lamium amplexicaule and Capsella bursa-pastoris) showing different mosaic symptoms in Jeonbuk, Chungnam, Gangwon, and Gyeongbuk areas in Korea. The 640 nucleotide region containing the C-terminal portion of coat protein (CP) gene and 3` non-translated region (NTR) was amplified by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using PVY-specific oligonucleotide primers. Sequence analyses of the amplified DNA fragments showed that the C-terminal portion of CP gene was not significantly different from that of previously reported PVY strains from potato (PVY-OK and -T) and tobacco (PVY-VN) in Korea. Homologies of the deduced CP amino acid sequences were 93.3-99.0% to corresponding regions of the other PVY strains including PVY(N), PVY(O), PVY(OK), PVY(T), and PVY(VN). In contrast, the sequences located at the 3`-NTR showed more diverse sequence homologies (76.4-99.7%). These results indicate that the C-terminal portion of the CP gene was relatively conserved while sequences at the 3` NTR were more diverse and variable over the host species and the regions where they were isolated.
Key Words: Potato virus Y, sequence homology, subgroup, variation
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