Plant Pathol J > Volume 19(1); 2003 > Article
The Plant Pathology Journal 2003;19(1):64-68.
DOI:    Published online February 28, 2003.
Occurrence of Clubroot in Cruciferous Vegetable Crops and Races of the Pathogen in Korea
Weon Dae Cho, Wan Gyu Kim, Kenji Takahashi
Cruciferous vegetable crops grown in several locations in Korea were surveyed from 1996 to 2000. Clubroot severely occurred up to a maximum of 100% in Chinese cabbage fields in 15 out of 42 locations, and in cabbage fields in 5 out of 13 locations surveyed. The disease also severely occurred up to a maximum of 40% in radish fields in 6 out of 35 locations, and up to a maximum of 40% and 100% in turnip and brown mustard fields in one each out of the few locations surveyed, respectively. The disease occurred less than 1% in one kale field in one out of two locations surveyed. A total of 268 isolates of Plasmodiophora brassicae was obtained from six cruciferous vegetable crops. The isolates were classified into 13 races based on their pathogenicity to the differential varieties of cabbage and rutabaga. There were 13 races found in isolates from Chinese cabbage, while 6 races each were found in isolates from cabbage and radish. There were five and three races found in turnip and brown mustard isolates, respectively. One isolate from kale was identified as race 8. Race 8 was the most frequently isolated from five cruciferous vegetable crops, except brown mustard. Races 3 and 14 were isolated only from Chinese cabbage.
Key Words: clubroot, cruciferous vegetable crop, Plasmodiophora brassicae, race

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