The Plant Pathology Journal 2003;19(2):117-122.
Published online April 30, 2003.
Ultrastrucultural Diffenences in Mixed Infections of Six Turnip mosaic virus and One Ribgrass mosaic virus Isolated in Crucifers
Jeon Deog Cho, Hong Soo Choi, Jeong Soo Kim, Kook Hyung Kim, Kyung Soo Kim
Six isolates of Turnip mosaic Potyvirus (TuMV) namely, TuMV-CA7 from oriental cabbage, TuMV-TU and TuMV-TU2 from turnip, TuMV-RA from rape, TuMVST from stock, and TuMV-R9 from radish, and Ribgrass mosaic Tobamovirus (RMV-FG22) from oriental cabbage were isolated. Three kinds of characteristics of the six TuMV isolates were sorted by bioassay: TuMV-CA7 and TuMV-TU isolates infected mostly oriental cabbages; TuMV-ST, TuMV-TU2, and TuMV-R9 infected radishes; and TuMV-RA infected both oriental cabbages and radishes. Mixed infections of crucifers were RMVFG22+ TuMV-CA7, RMV-FG22+TuMV-TU, RMVFG22+ TuMV-RA, RMV-FG22+TuMV-ST, RMV-FG22 +TuMV-TU2 and RMV-FG22+TuMV-R9. Crops used were ``Tambok`` cultivar resistant to TuMV, ``SSD63`` susceptible inbred line of oriental cabbage, pure line of leaf mustard and ``Daeburyungyeorum`` cultivar of radish. New specific ultrastructures of nonagon-like ring (NLR) and spiral aggregates (SA) by mixed infection with TuMV and RMV were formed in cells of crucifer plants. The NLR was made by a TuMV surrounded loosely by nine RMV particles, and the SA was formed spirally by full mixed of two virus particles. The SA had some NLR in its center, which was observed from cross sectioned SA. Host plants with specific ultrastructures expressed synergistic symptoms. Specific ultrastructures of NLR and SA were formed in combinations of RMV-FG22 and in TuMV-CA7, TuMV-TU, or TuMV-RA that could infect oriental cabbages. However, no specific ultrastructures and mixing of the two virions in the same cell were observed in combinations of RMV-FG22, and TuMV-ST, TuMV-TU2, or TuMVR9 isolates having virulence in radishes.
Key Words: crucifer, mixed infection, RMV, synergism, TuMV, ultrastructure

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