Plant Pathol J > Volume 20(1); 2004 > Article
The Plant Pathology Journal 2004;20(1):58-62.
DOI:    Published online March 31, 2004.
Pathogenicity and Host Range of a Potential Mycoherbicide, Isolate BWC98-105, Causing White Root Rot on Trifoliorum repens
Yeon Kyu Hong, Jae Min Cho, Bong Choon Lee, Seok Bo Song, Sung Tae Park
White root rot of wild white clover (Trifoliorum repens) caused by isolate BWC98-105 has been first reported in Korea. Typical symptoms on root include water-soaked and dark-brown rot, resulting in complete blight of the whole plant. The fungus grew well at 20-28˚C and produced abundant sclerotia at 10-15 days after full mycelial growth on potato dextrose agar. Sclerotia were brown to dark-brown in color and 1-3 mm in length. When white clover plants were inoculated with mycelial suspension (10(5) cfu/ml) of isolate BWC98-105, the plant shoots were killed within 4-6 days and the roots were completely blighted. Sclerotia were also formed on the surface of the root covered with whitish mycelia within 10-15 days in the field. All nine isolates developed high incidences of white root rot disease on white clover seedlings, of which the symptoms were similar to those observed in the fields. Hence, their pathogenicity was confirmed on white clover. The infection rate of the fungal isolates varied from 78.5% to 95.2%, among which BWC98-105 was the most virulent isolate. The weeding efficacy of the fungus was maintained until the following year, leading to a significant reduction of reshooting. The fungus was specifically parasitic to white clover, but not to four lawn species including zoysiagrass (Zoysia japonica) under greenhouse test. The fungus also had no response to some Gramineae species including rice, but caused little damage to five species of Leguminosae.
Key Words: Pathogenicity, host range, mycoherbicide, BWC98-105, white root rot, Trifoliorum repens

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