The Plant Pathology Journal 2006;22(1):1-6.
Published online March 31, 2006.
Responses of Peach Blossom Blight and Brown Rot Fungus Monilinia fructicolato Benzimidazole and Diethofencarb in Korea
Tae Heon Lim, Jin Ho Kim, Byeong Jin Cha
Abstract
The population shifts of fructicola isolates which were resistant to the fungicied benzimidazoles were investigated in four regions of Korea from 1998 to 2000. The isolation frequency of benzimidazole-resistant isolates ranged from 18.8% to 29.6% in Chongdo and from 22.0% to 26.8% in Gyeongsan during the same period. However, the frequency of benzimidazoleresistant isolates was less than 4.0% in Chochiwon and Youngduk during the same period. Benzimidazoleresistant isolates showed cross-resistance among benzimidazoles. On the other hand, none of the isolates showed cross-resistance to diethofencarb and carbendazim. Regardless of the year, the benzimidazole-resistant isolates of EC50 higher than 500 μg a.i./ml were isolated more frequently in mid and late season than in early season. In an orchard of Gyeongsan that had not been exposed to any fungicides for several years, the population of benzimidazole-resistant isolate had persisted without much fluctuation for three years. These results suggest that benzimidazole resistance of M. fructicola is becoming a problem in controlling brown rot and blossom blight of peach in regions like Chongdo and Gyeongsan.
Key Words: brown rot, Monilinia fructicola, peach blossom blight


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