The Plant Pathology Journal 2006;22(2):107-114.
Published online June 30, 2006.
Biological Control of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum Using Indigenous ChitinolyticActinomycetes in Jordan
M. E. W. Tahtamouni, K. M. Hameed, I. M. Saadoun
Abstract
The white cottony stem rot pathogen Sclerotinia sclerotiorum was subjected to 70 different isolates of actinomycetes indigenous to Jordan as biological control agents. Forty of them demonstrated chitinase activity on crab shell chitin agar (CCA) media and they were segregated into three groups: 14 highly active, 12 moderately active, and 14 with low activity, with average clearing zones of (4.7-8.3), (3.7-4.3), and (2.3-3.3) mm surrounding colonies on CCA, respectively. Further, these isolates were able to inhibit radial mycelium growth of the pathogen and were categorized into three antagonistic groups: 13 strong, 13 moderate, and 14 weak antagonists, with antibiosis inhibition zones of (32.0-45.7), (22.7-31.3), and (3.7-22.3) mm, respectively. High levels of chitinase activity of the isolates Ma3 (8.3 mm), Ju1 (7.7 mm), and Sa8 (7.7 mm) with their antagonistic activity against mycelium growth of 45.7, 44.3, and 40.7 mm were observed, respectively. These isolates exhibited fungicidal activity against sclerotia of S. sclerotiorum. On the other hand, isolates Na5, Aj3, and Aj2 that produced no chitinase showed fungistatic effect only.
Key Words: Actinomycetes, Biological control, Chitinase, Sclerotia, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
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