Plant Pathol J > Volume 23(3); 2007 > Article
The Plant Pathology Journal 2007;23(3):223-225.
DOI:    Published online September 30, 2007.
A Simple and Rapid Method for Functional Analysis of Plant Growth-promoting Rhizobacteria Using the Development of Cucumber Adventitious Root System
Yeoung Seuk Bae, Kyung Seok Park, Young Gee Lee, Ok Hee Choi
Many plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPRs) have been known for beneficial effects on plants including biological control of soilborne pathogens, induced systemic resistance to plant pathogens, phytohormone production, and improvement of nutrient and water uptake of plants. We developed a simple and rapid method for screening potential PGPR, especially phytohormone producing rhizobacteria, or for analyzing their functions in plant growth using cucumber seedling cuttings. Surface-sterilized cucumber seeds were grown in a plastic pot containing steamed vermiculite. After 7 days of cultivation, the upper part 2 cm in length of cucumber seedling, was cut and used as cucumber cuttings. The base of cutting stem was then dipped in a microcentrifuge tube containing 1.5 ml of a bacterial suspension and incubated at 25oC with a fluorescent light for 10 days. Number and length of developed adventitious roots from cucumber cuttings were examined. The seedling cuttings showed various responses to the isolates tested. Some isolates resulted in withering at the day of examination or in reduced number of roots developed. Several isolates stimulated initial development of adventitious roots showing more adventitious root hair number than that of untreated cuttings, while some isolate had more adventitious root hair number and longer adventitious roots than that of untreated control. Similar results were obtained from the trial with rose cuttings. Our results suggest that this bioassay method may provide a useful way for differentiating PGPR`s functions involved in the development of root system.
Key Words: cucumber seedling cuttings, plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria, adventitious root development
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