Plant Pathol J > Volume 24(2); 2008 > Article
The Plant Pathology Journal 2008;24(2):112-117.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5423/PPJ.2008.24.2.112    Published online June 30, 2008.
Pre-Infection Behavior of the Pitch Canker Fungus Fusarium circinatum on Pine Stems
Vilakon Thoungchaleun, Ki Woo Kim, Don Koo Lee, Chang Soo Kim, Eun Woo Park
Abstract
Pre-infection behavior of Fusarium circinatum on stems of pine species was investigated with scanning electron microscopy. Two-year-old stems of Pinus densiflora andP. rigida were inoculated with the fungal conidial suspension and subjected to 25 oC for up to 16 hr. Most microconidia germinated 12 hr after inoculation on pine stems. Conidia produced germ tubes from either one or both ends of microconidia. Germ tubes grew over the stem surface and appeared to enter host tissues through natural openings on pine stems. Surface cracks in the cork were entrance sites of germ tubes of F. circinatum. In addition, host cell wall cracks were often found at the tip of germ tubes. The cuticle appeared to be eroded either at the tip of germ tubes or around germlings. Germ tubes also produced appressoria-like structures, exhibiting swollen tips of germ tubes on the stem surface. There seems to be no significant differencesin the pre-infection behavior of F. circinatum on stems between the two pine species.
Key Words: appressoria, Fusarium circinatum, germination, Gibberella circinata, pine
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