Plant Pathol J > Volume 24(3); 2008 > Article
The Plant Pathology Journal 2008;24(3):337-351.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5423/PPJ.2008.24.3.337    Published online September 30, 2008.
Additive Main Effects and Multiplicative Interaction Analysis of Host-Pathogen Relationship in Rice-Bacterial Blight Pathosystem
D. Nayak, L. K. Bose, S. Singh, P. Nayak
Abstract
Host-pathogen interaction in rice bacterial blight pathosystem was analyzed for a better understanding of their relationship and recognition of stable pathogenicity among the populations of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae. A total number of 52 bacterial strains isolated from diseased leaf samples collected from 12 rice growing states and one Union Territory of India, were inoculated on 16 rice varieties, each possessing known genes for resistance. Analysis of variance revealed that the host genotypes (G) accounted for largest (78.4%) proportion of the total sum of squares (SS), followed by 16.5% due to the pathogen isolates (I) and 5.1% due to the I x G interactions. Application of the Additive Main effects and Multiplicative Interaction (AMMI) model revealed that the first two interaction principal component axes (IPCA) accounted for 66.8% and 21.5% of the interaction SS, respectively. The biplot generated using the isolate and genotypic scores of the first two IPCAs revealed groups of host genotypes and pathogen isolates falling into four sectors. A group of five isolates with high virulence, high absolute IPCA-1 scores, moderate IPCA-2 scores, low AMMI stability index ``Di`` values and minimal deviations from additive main effects displayed in AMMI biplot as well as response plot, were identified as possessing stable pathogenicity across 16 host genotypes. The largest group of 27 isolates with low virulence, small IPCA-1 as well as IPCA- 2 scores, low Di values and minimal deviations from additive main effect predictions, possessed stable pathogenicity for low virulence. The AMMI analysis and biplot display facilitated in a better understanding of the host-pathogen interaction, adaptability of pathogen isolates to specific host genotypes, identification of isolates showing stable pathogenicity and most discriminating host genotypes, which could be useful in location specific breeding programs aiming at deployment of resistant host genotypes in bacterial blight disease control strategies.
Key Words: adaptation, AMMI model, biplot display, stable pathogenicity, Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae
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