Plant Pathol J > Volume 26(2); 2010 > Article
The Plant Pathology Journal 2010;26(2):101-109.
DOI:    Published online June 30, 2010.
Functions of MAPK Cascade Pathways in Plant Defense Signaling
Yong Hwa Cheong, Min Chul Kim
Protein phosphorylation is one of the major mechanisms for controlling many cellular processes in all living organisms. Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades are known to transducer extracellular stimuli to several cellular processes, including cell division, differentiation as well as responses to various stresses. In plants, several studies have revealed that MAPK cascade pathways play an important role in responses against biotic and abiotic stresses, including wounding, pathogen infection, temperature, drought, salinity and plant hormones. It is also known that MAPK cascadesmediated signaling is an essential process in the resistance step to pathogens by regulating the activity of transcription factors. Here, the insights into the functions of MAPK cascade pathways in plant defense response signaling from Arabidopsis, tobacco and rice are described.
Key Words: defense signaling, MAPK pathways, pathogen infection, transcription factor
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