The Plant Pathology Journal 2010;26(4):306-312.
Published online December 31, 2010.
Detection of Pathotypes and Genetic Diversity of Cercospora beticola
Emine Burcu Turgay, Melike Bakir, Pinar Ozeren, Yakup Zekai Katircioglu, Salih Maden
The pathotypes of Cercospora beticola, causal agent of sugar beet leaf spot disease, were identified by application of pathogenicity test using 100 isolates obtained from the provinces with intensive sugar beet cultivation. For the identification of pathotypes, five sugar beet cultivars were used each with different resistance factors. Cultivar reactions were determined by inoculation of cultivars with the isolates under controlled conditions and measuring disease severity on the 15th day according to the 1-9 KWS Scale. Based on the reactions of the five cultivars, a total of 15 pathotypes were detected. All employed sugar beet cultivars were resistant to Pathotype no:1 comprising most of the isolates. Genetic diversity of the causal agent was characterized by AFLP reaction. The products acquired at the end of AFLP reaction were detected by means of Beckman CEQ 8800 DNA Capillary Series Analysis and the results obtained were evaluated according to the similarity index UPGMA. For the genetic analysis of C. beticola isolates, 9874 polymorphic fragments of sizes between 100 and 500 bp were analysed which were generated by nine primers. The dendrogram derived from AFLP analysis depicted the existence of five different subgroups. The polymorphism rate among isolates was 91.13% and the dendrogram distribution of the pathotypes obtained by pathogenicity indicated that pathotypes were not discriminated and did not compose any groups.
Key Words: AFLP, Cercospora beticola, genetic diversity, sugar beet, patotype
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