Plant Pathol J > Volume 26(4); 2010 > Article
The Plant Pathology Journal 2010;26(4):353-359.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5423/PPJ.2010.26.4.353    Published online December 31, 2010.
Suppression of Green and Blue Mold in Postharvest Mandarin Fruit by Treatment of Pantoea agglomerans 59-4
Sang Mi Yu, Yong Ki Kim, Hyo Song Nam, Young Kee Lee, Seung Don Lee, Kui Jae Lee, Yong Hoon Lee
Abstract
In order to control postharvest spoilage of satsuma mandarin fruits, rhizobacteria were isolated from soil samples. The Pantoea agglomerans strain 59-4 (Pa 59-4) which suppresses the decay of mandarin fruit by green and blue mold, was tested for the control efficacy and its mode of action was investigated. Pa 59-4 inhibited infection by green and blue mold on wounded mandarins, which were artificially inoculated with a spore suspension of Penicillium digitatum and P. italicum with control efficacies of 85-90% and 75-80%, respectively. The biocontrol efficacy was increased by raising the concentration of cells to between 108 and 109 cfu/ml, and pretreatment with the antagonist prevented subsequent infection by green mold. The population of Pa 59-4 was increased more than 10 fold during the 24 hr incubation at 20oC, indicating that colonization of the wound site might prevent the infection by green mold. Despite poor antifungal activity, the Pa 59-4 isolate completely inhibited the germination and growth of P. digitatum spores at 1
Key Words: Competition, Mandarin, Pantoea agglomerans, Penicillium digitatum, Postharvest disease
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