The Plant Pathology Journal 2012;28(3):317-321.
Published online September 30, 2012.
Research Notes : In Vivo Antifungal Activities of the Methanol Extracts of Invasive Plant Species Against Plant Pathogenic Fungi
Vivek K. Bajpai, Kwang Hyun Baek, Eun Sil Kim, Jeong Eun Han, Myoung Hai Kwak, Kyoung Hee Oh, Jin Cheol Kim, Soon Ok Kim, Gyung Ja Choi
Plants are the promising reservoirs for natural products with their diverse secondary metabolites. Many invasive plants have been introduced in Korea, which adversely affect on the native ecosystem but holds difficulty removing them due to their proliferation. In this study, we evaluated disease control efficacy of methanol extracts from four invasive plant species against 7 representative crop pathogens. Methanol extract of Phytolacca americana effectively suppressed rice blast, tomato gray mold, and tomato late blight in a dose dependent manner. The methanol extract of Amorpha fruticosa also exhibited potent antifungal activity against pepper anthracnose in a concentration dependent way. These data suggest that the extracts of P. americana and A. fruticosa can be developed as plant disease protection agents against rice blast, tomato gray mold, tomato late blight, and pepper anthracnose. Furthermore, more extensive research will be required to identify and isolate active compounds from problematic invasive plant species to develop valuable agrochemicals.
Key Words: Amorpha fruticosa, antifungal activity, disease control, invasive species, Phytolacca americana

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