Plant Pathol J > Volume 28(4); 2012 > Article
The Plant Pathology Journal 2012;28(4):433-438.
DOI:    Published online December 31, 2012.
Isolation and Physiological Characterization of a New Algicidal Virus Infecting the Harmful Dinoflagellate Heterocapsa pygmaea
Jin Joo Kim, Chang Hoon Kim, Yoshihito Takano, In Kwon Jang, Si Wouk Kim, Tae Jin Choi
Dinoflagellates are considered one of the most abundant and diverse groups of marine microplankton and viruses are recognized as one of the significant factors affecting the plankton dynamics. Here, we report basic characteristics of a new dinoflagellate-infecting virus, Heterocapsa pygmaea DNA virus (HpygDNAV) which infects a toxic dinoflagellate, H. pygmaea. HpygDNAV is a polyhedral large virus (ca. 160?170 nm in diameter) propagating in its host`s cytoplasm. Because of the virion size, appearance in thin sections, and propagation characteristics, HpygDNAV is assumed to harbor a large double-stranded DNA genome; i.e., HpygDNAV is most likely a nucleocytoplasmic large DNA virus (NCLDV) belonging to the family Phycodnaviridae. Its infectivity is strain-specific, rather than species-specific, as is the case for other algal viruses. The burst size and latent period are estimated to be roughly 100?250 infectious units cell?1 and < 96 h, respectively.
Key Words: algal virus, dinoflagellate, Heterocapsa pygmaea, NCLDV

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